In the background, the church Notre-Dame de la Marlière Education edit The regional education system of the Académie de Lille includes one million pupils and students.
Three main worldwide car manufacturers operate plants in the region: Toyota produce the Yaris in Valenciennes, 12 Renault build the Scénic in Douai, 13 and PSA Peugeot Citroën operate a plant in Lieu-Saint-Amand where Peugeot 807, Citroën C8, Fiat Scudo, Peugeot Expert and Citroën Jumpy.It was also a base for Spanish support of French Catholics in the French Wars of Religion.Dover of Great Britain 42 kilometres (26 mi) away; this makes Nord-Pas-de-Calais the closest continental European connection to the Great Britain.The current borders were mostly established by the time of the Treaty of Ryswick in 1697.The Greens managed to attract many conservative voters from small towns and farmers moved by the Greens' commitment to boosting agri-industry.The region's ethnic diversity has been affected by repeated waves of immigrant workers from abroad: Belgians before 1910; Poles and Italians in the 1920s and 1930s; Italians and Germans since 1945 and North Africans and Portuguese since 1960; 9 and large cities like Lille, Calais.
Calais was an English possession from 1347 to 1558, when it was recovered by the French throne.Although most of the region was liberated in September 1944, Dunkirk was the last French town to be freed from German occupation (on ).For decades, the Nord-Pas-de-Calais has been viewed as a conservative region when compared culturally to the rest of France, citation needed but recently the region has at times displayed left-wing tendencies.A terminal able to handle LNG carriers is built by Total.Er zijn deze week huis huren nederland met jacuzzi 9 nieuwe verblijven toegevoegd aan onze websites.During the 19th century, the region underwent major industrialisation and became one of the leading industrial regions of France, second only to Alsace-Lorraine.Indeed, the region was only in 16th place out of 24 for GDP per capita in 2014 with 34,422.3 The northern part of the region was historically a part of the County of Flanders, with Douai as its capital.After the final French annexation in the early 18th century, much of the region was again occupied by Germany during the First and Second World Wars.In the 15th century, all of the territories, except Calais, were united under the rule of the Dukes of Burgundy, along with other territories in northern France and areas in what is now Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands.

Small-scale manufacturers have also been based in the region, such as microcar manufacturers erad, Savel, and Secma.
Among the teams training in Nord-Pas de Calais were the UK Gymnastics team in Arques, the New Zealand Rowing team in Gravelines and France's national basketball and handball teams.